<br /> Lee Letter: n555

Washington and Lee University

Sender: John Hanson
Recipient: Thomas Sim Lee

Dear Sir

This morning the president of Congress, received a Letter from Mr Peabody
one of our Committee at headquarters, dated the 23d advising that
General Washington for Several days past has been extending the left
wing of His Army toward the north, So as to prevent the Enemy from out
flanking him with their right. The morning of the 23d General
Kniphausen with thirteen Regiments, Consisting of about 5000
regulars – exclusive of new Levies, marchd from Elizabeth Town point,
their progress was Slow, at least six hours moveing to Springfield.
They advanced on the Right of our Army, which was Commanded by Major
General Green, but a few Continentals and some Militia, gave them so
warm a reception, that they thought proper to halt and after burning
all the Houses in the Town of Springfield, except two or three, retired
again to Elizabeth Town point the same day. The loss of Killed and
Wounded on both sides is very Considerable, a particular Accout is not
yet Come to hand. It is reported that Clinton is gone up the north
River with all the force he Can muster exclusive of Kniphausens
Division, and it is thought he will soon join. the object West Point.

A General embargo is laid here on all vessels except those belonging to the
French. The Delaware State has also adopted the measure, And it is to
be wished that Maryland would do the same.1
At a time when an Army is in such want of provisions and a prospect of
Short Crops, every Step ought to be taken to prevent any from going out
of the country.

By a vessel Just Arrived from Cadis Intelligence is received that a Spanish
fleet of 12 Ships of the line & 8 frigates And a great number of
Transports had Saild from Cadis for the West Indias Supposed against

With perfect respect and Esteem I have the honour to be, Sir, Your most
Obedient Servt,

John Hanson


Receiver’s copy, Lee, Horsey, and Carroll Papers deposit (1985), Maryland
Historical Society.

1 Delaware had just reported its willingness to continue the embargo on
provisions “until the twentieth day of October next,” a decision made
in response to a request from Congress, for which see JCC, 17:558;
and Samuel Huntington to Caesar Rodney, June 14, 1780, note 2.
Maryland’s commitment to maintaining the embargo in force had not
recently been called into question, but for evidence that its
extension of the embargo beyond September 10 was conditional upon a
similar commitment from Delaware and Pennsylvania, see the council’s
August 26 letter to the Maryland delegates, in Md. Archives, 43:266 – 67.