The Confederacy and the Transvaal:
A People’s Obligation to Robert E. Lee and the Transvaal
By Charles Francis Adams


1 Elsewhere in his book (pp. 358, 359), and in another connection, J. S. Wise is equally severe in his characterization of Bushrod Johnson.

[2] The End of an Era, pp. 433–435.

[3] Alfriend’s Life of Jefferson Davis, pp. 622–626.

[4] De Leon, Four Years in Rebel Capitals, p. 367.

[5] Colonel J. B. Haskell, of South Carolina; “a born and a resourceful artilleryman, [who] knew no such thing as fear.” General Longstreet evidently used General Alexander’s paper in the Philadelphia Press in preparing the account, contained in his Manassas to Appomattox, of what occurred on the day of Lee’s surrender. A further reference to Colonel Haskell may be found in Wise’s The End of an Era (p. 360). Longstreet says that, at Appomattox, “there were ‘surrendered or paroled’ 28,356 officers and men.” A week previous to the capitulation, Lee’s and Johnston’s combined forces numbered considerably over 100,000 combatants.

[6] The surrender took place in the house of a Mr. McLean, a gentleman who, by strange coincidence, owned a farm on Bull Run at the beginning of the war. General Beauregard’s headquarters were at McLean’s house, just in the rear of Blackburn’s fort, during the first battle fought by the army, July 18, 1861. McLean moved from Bull Run to get himself out of the theatre of war. The last battle took place on his new farm and the surrender in his new residence.