Life of Robert E. Lee as General in the Confederate Army
Henry E. Shepherd


[1] Hon. Joseph J. Davis.

[2] Hon. C. H. Simonton, Charleston, S.C.

[3] Charles Francis Adams.

[4] “Fellow-citizens” is said to have been the word used by Lee. I have adhered to the popular version.

[5] The first honor in the class of 1829 was won by Cadet Charles Mason, of New York. He resigned from the Army in 1831, entered the profession of the law, and removed to the West. So far as I am able to judge from his record, he seems to have achieved neither fame nor fortune. Joseph E. Johnston graduated in 1829, ranking thirteeenth in his class.

[6] Prof. Basil L. Gildersleeve.

[7] “First in war, first in peace, and first in the hearts of his country-

[8] Timrod’s “Ode to Spring.”

[9] “Life of General Joseph E. Johnston,” by General Bradley T. Johnson, pages 259–260.

[10] General Lee not only advocated, but practiced directness and simplicity of expression. After the Seven Days’ battles at Richmond, June, 1862, a member of his staff submitted to his criticism an account of the battles which he had prepared for the press. It was returned with the comment, “Now, Colonel—cut out those adjectives.” He was evidently aware that there are circumstances in which the adjective is the deadly foe of the substantive.

[11] Among modern English writers, Lee, I am inclined to think, was partial to Macaulay, especially to the Essays. His letter accepting the presidency of Washington College contains about four hundred words: of these, some fifteen are adjectives, several of them being terms that express a temporal or local relation and convey no emphatic or intensive meaning.

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