Robert E. Lee and His Family, by John W. Wayland, Appendix (Chronology)

Robert E. Lee and His Family

APPENDIX

CHRONOLOGY
(Including a Bibliography)

1756,   Jan. 29, Henry (“Lighthorse Harry”) Lee, eldest child of Henry, born at Leesylvania, Prince William County, Va.

1772,   Charles Wilson Peale paints the portrait of George Washington which Gen. Custis Lee in 1912 willed to Washington and Lee University.

1773,   Henry (“Lighthorse Harry”) Lee graduates at Princeton.

1776,   Henry (“Lighthorse Harry”) Lee appointed a captain of cavalry by Gov. Patrick Henry.

1779,   Charles Wilson Peale paints the portrait of Lafayette which Gen. Custis Lee in 1912 willed to Washington and Lee University.

1779,   July 19, Henry (“Lighthorse Harry”) Lee, with 300 men, captures Paulus Hook, N.J.

1781,   Henry (“Lighthorse Harry”) Lee sent to the South to join the forces of General Greene.

1782,   Henry (“Lighthorse Harry”) Lee marries (1) Matilda Lee, his cousin, daughter of Philip Ludwell Lee of Stratford, Westmoreland County, Va.

1785–1788,   Henry (“Lighthorse Harry”) Lee a delegate in the Continental Congress.

1788,   Henry (“Lighthorse Harry”) Lee in the Virginia Convention advocates adoption of the Federal Constitution.

1792–1795,   Henry (“Lighthorse Harry”) Lee governor of Virginia.

1793,   June 18, Henry (“Lighthorse Harry”) Lee marries (2) Anne Hill Carter, daughter of Charles Carter of Shirley.

1798,   July 19, Henry (“Lighthorse Harry”) Lee appointed a major-general in the U.S. Army.

1799,   March 4, to 1801, March 3, Henry (“Lighthorse Harry”) Lee a member of the U.S. House of Representatives.

1799,   Dec. 26, Henry (“Lighthorse Harry”) Lee’s famous address on Washington delivered before both houses of Congress in Philadelphia.

1807,   Jan. 19, Robert Edward Lee born at Stratford, 5th child and 4th son of Henry (“Lighthorse Harry”) Lee and his second wife, Anne Hill Carter.

1808,   Oct. 1, Mary Anne Randolph Custis, daughter of George Washington Parke Custis (and later wife of R. E. Lee), born at Annfield, now in Clarke County, Va.

1809,   Henry (“Lighthorse Harry”) Lee writes his memoirs of the Revolution in the South.

1812,   “Memoirs of the War in the Southern Department of the United States,” by Gen. Henry Lee, published.

1812,   June, Henry (“Lighthorse Harry”) Lee severely injured by a mob in Baltimore while he was aiding in the defense of a friend’s house.

1818,   March 25, Henry (“Lighthorse Harry”) Lee dies at Cumberland Island, Ga.

1824–25,   Robert Edward Lee attends the school of Benjamin Hallowell, Alexandria, to study mathematics.

1825,   Robert Edward Lee enters the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, N.Y.

1829,   Robert Edward Lee graduates at West Point, second in his class.

1829,   Robert Edward Lee’s mother dies at Ravensworth, Fairfax County, Va.

1829,   November, to December, 1830, Lieut. Lee engaged in the construction of Fort Pulaski at Cockspur Island, Savannah, Ga.

1831,   June 30, Robert Edward Lee and Mary Anne Randolph Custis married at Arlington.

1832,   Sept. 16, George Washington Custis Lee, eldest son of R. E. Lee, born at Fortress Monroe, Va.

1834,   Lieut. R. E. Lee transferred from Fortress Monroe to an office in Washington City.

1835,   Mary Custis Lee, eldest daughter of R. E. Lee, born at Arlington.

1835,   Lieut. R. E. Lee serves on a commission to settle the boundary between Ohio and Michigan.

1837,   Lieut. Lee begins improvement of river navigation at Des Moines and St. Louis.

1837,   May 31, William Henry Fitzhugh (“Rooney”) Lee, second son of R. E. Lee, born at Arlington.

1838,   Lieut. R. E. Lee is made a captain.

1839,   June 18, Anne Carter Lee (“Annie”), second daughter of R. E. Lee, born at Arlington.

1841,   Eleanor Agnes Lee, third daughter of R. E. Lee, born at Arlington.

1842,   Capt. R. E. Lee takes charge of the defenses in New York harbor, with headquarters at Fort Hamilton.

1843,   Oct. 27, Robert Edward Lee, third son of Capt. R. E. Lee, born at Arlington.

1846,   Feb. 10, Mildred Chiles Lee, youngest daughter of Capt. R. E. Lee, born at Arlington.

1846,   Aug. 31, Capt. it E. Lee makes his will.

1846,   Capt. R. E. Lee appointed chief engineer on the staff of General Wool in Mexico.

1847,   Capt. R. E. Lee crosses the Pedregal at night.

1847,   Capt. R. E. Lee wounded at Chapultepec.

1847,   R. E. Lee brevetted lt.-colonel.

1849,   Colonel Lee one of a board of army officers to examine the coasts of Florida and recommend locations for new defenses.

1849,   April, Colonel Lee begins directing the construction of Fort Carroll in the Patapsco River below Baltimore.

1850,   July 1, Custis Lee enters the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, N.Y.

1852–1855,   Col. R. E. Lee superintendent of the U.S. Military Academy at West Point.

1853,   R. S. Weir paints a portrait of Colonel Lee at West Point.

1854,   Rooney Lee enters Harvard College.

1854,   July 1, Custis Lee graduates at West Point at the head of his class of 46.

1854–1856,   Custis Lee assistant engineer in the construction of Fort Clinch on Amelia Island, Fla.

1855–56,   fall and winter, Colonel R. E. Lee commands the 2d Cav. at Jefferson Barracks, Mo.

1856,   Custis Lee serves in building forts Pulaski and Jackson in Georgia and improving the Savannah River.

1856,   Spring, the 2d Cav. marched to western Texas.

1856–57,   Custis Lee employed again on Fort Clinch, Fla.

1857,   May 8, Gen. Winfield Scott writes to the Secretary of War recommending the appointment of Rooney Lee as a lieutenant in the U.S. Army.

1857,   October, Colonel R. E. Lee begins improvements at Arlington.

1857–59,   Custis Lee serves in building defenses of Fort Point at the entrance to San Francisco Bay.

1858,   Col. R. E. Lee in Texas with Col. Albert Sidney Johnston against the Indians.

1858–59,   Rooney Lee serves in Texas, Utah, and on the Pacific Coast; resigns from the army.

1859,   Rooney Lee marries (1) Charlotte Wickham, daughter of George.

1859,   Oct. 18, Col. R. E. Lee, with U.S. marines, captures John Brown at Harper’s Ferry.

1859,   Oct. 20, Custis Lee promoted 1st lieut. of engineers.

1859–61,   Custis Lee serves as assistant in the engineer bureau at Washington City.

1860,   Robert E. Lee Jr. enters the University of Virginia.

1860,   February, Col. R. E. Lee ordered to take command of the Department of Texas.

1860,   summer, Colonel Lee aids in building an Episcopal church in San Antonio.

1861,   Custis Lee serves as superintending engineer in repairs of Fort Washington on the Potomac River below Washington City.

1861,   March 1, Col. R. E. Lee reaches Arlington from Texas.

1861,   April 18, at the instance of President Lincoln, Hon. Francis P. Blair offers Col. R. E. Lee command of the U.S. Army.

1861,   April 18, Colonel Lee has a long interview with Gen. Winfield Scott.

1861,   April 20, Colonel Lee resigns his commission in the U.S. Army.

1861,   April 22, Colonel Lee reaches Richmond.

1861,   April 23, Colonel Lee is given command of the military forces of Virginia.

1861,   May 2, Custis Lee resigns from the U.S. Army.

1861,   May, Custis Lee commissioned a major of engineers in the provisional army of Virginia.

1861,   about May 15, Mrs. R. E. Lee and daughters leave Arlington, she to Ravensworth, they to Fauquier County, Va.

1861,   June 8, Custis Lee, with the provisional army of Va., transferred to the Confederate States Army.

1861,   July 1, Custis Lee assigned to the engineer corps, C.S.A., with the rank of captain, and engaged on the fortifications around Richmond.

1861,   about Aug. 1, R. E. Lee starts for western Virginia to take command of Confederate military operations there.

1861,   Aug. 31, Custis Lee appointed aide-de-camp to President Jefferson Davis, with the rank of colonel.

1861,   Sept.–Oct., Mrs. R. E. Lee at Hot Springs, Bath County, Va.

1861,   Nov. 6, Gen. R. E. Lee ordered to South Carolina to direct and supervise the construction of defenses along the southern coast.

1862,   January, General Lee visits his father’s grave on Cumberland Island, Ga.

1862,   about March 5, General Lee recalled from the South to Richmond.

1862,   March 13, General Lee assigned, under the direction of President Davis, to the conduct of the military operations of the Confederate armies.

1862,   about March 25, R. E. Lee Jr., with the Rockbridge Artillery, reaches Jackson’s army at Red Banks (Camp Buchanan) in Shenandoah County, Va.

1862,   June 1, following the wounding of Gem Joseph E. Johnston, General Lee takes command of the Army of Northern Va., defending Richmond.

1862,   July, three of General Lee’s daughters in North Carolina.

1862,   Aug. 28–30, the second battle of Manassas.

1862,   about Sept. 3, General Lee is hurt by Traveler.

1862,   Sept. 17, the battle of Sharpsburg (Antietam) .

1862,   autumn, Rooney Lee promoted from colonel of 9th Va. Cav. to brigadier-general of cavalry.

1862,   Oct. 20, Anne Carter Lee (“Annie”), daughter of Gen. R. E. Lee, dies in Warren County, N.C.

1862,   December, Mrs. R. E. Lee and daughter Agnes in Richmond.

1862,   December, Mildred Lee, daughter of Gen. R. E. Lee, at school in North Carolina.

1862,   December, Col. Custis Lee, with President Davis, visits Bragg’s army at Murfreesboro, Tenn.

1862,   Dec. 11–13, the battle of Fredericksburg.

1863,   May 2 and 3, the battle of Chancellorsville.

1863,   June 7, General Lee reviews the cavalry corps near Brandy Station.

1863,   June 9, Gen. Rooney Lee severely wounded in the cavalry battle of Brandy Station (Fleetwood) .

1863,   June 25, Custis Lee commissioned brigadier-general and organizes a brigade which he commands in the defense of Richmond.

1863,   July 1–3, the battle of Gettysburg.

1864,   May 12, General Lee at the “Bloody Angle” near Spotsylvania C.H.

1864,   latter part of May, General Lee ill for several days.

1864,   July, Lieut. Rob Lee sent by General Lee from Petersburg with a letter to General Early in Maryland; travels by train to Staunton, thence on horseback down the Valley.

1864,   July 30, the mine sprung at Petersburg—battle of the Crater.

1864,   Aug. 15, Rob Lee wounded near Richmond.

1864,   October, Custis Lee is promoted major-general and commands a division of Ewell’s corps in the defense of Richmond.

1865,   Feb. 6, General Lee made commander-in-chief of all C.S.A. military forces.

1865,   April 2, Gen. Custis Lee, in the retreat from Richmond, crosses James River with his division on the pontoon above Drewry’s Bluff.

1865,   April 6, at Sailor’s Creek Gen. Custis Lee is made a prisoner with General Ewell and others; taken to City Point where he is later paroled and sent to Richmond.

1865,   April 9, the surrender at Appomattox C.H.

1865,   April 15, General Lee, riding Traveler, reaches Richmond from Appomattox.

1865,   June, General Lee and family move to Derwent in Powhatan County, Va.

1865,   June 9, Gen. Rooney Lee, assisted by his brother Rob and others, finishes planting corn at the White House in New Kent County, Va.

1865,   Aug. 4, the trustees of Washington College at Lexington vote to offer General Lee the presidency of the college.

1865,   Aug. 24, General Lee writes from Derwent indicating his acceptance of the presidency of Washington College.

1865,   Sept, 15, General Lee leaves Derwent on Traveler to ride to Lexington; spends the night at Bremo in Fluvanna County.

1865,   Sept. 16, General Lee spends the night at Plain Dealing, Albemarle County, with Rev. J. P. B. Wilmer.

1865,   Sept. 17, General Lee spends the night in the Mountain House, summit of Rockfish Gap, Blue Ridge.

1865,   Sept. 18, General Lee rides into Lexington at about 1 p.m.

1865,   autumn, Gen. Custis Lee becomes professor of applied mechanics and engineering in V.M.I. at Lexington.

1865,   Oct. 2, General Lee takes oath of office as president of Washington College; the college session opens.

1865,   November, a fine Stieff piano presented to General Lee by the makers and the ladies of Baltimore.

1865,   Dec. 2, Mrs. Lee, the girls, and Captain Rob Lee reach Lexington via the canal.

1866,   Feb. 10, General Lee writes to Philip Stanhope Worsley of Oxford acknowledging a volume of Homer, Worsley’s translation.

1866,   April 16, General Lee writes to Hon, A. W. Beresford Hope, Kent, England, acknowledging gift of a handsome copy of the Bible.

1867,   November, General Lee is summoned to Richmond as a witness in the trial of Jefferson Davis.

1867,   Nov. 28, Gem Rooney Lee marries (2) Mary Tabb Bolling of Petersburg.

1868,   October, General Lee and Col. William Allan at the Augusta Agricultural Fair at Staunton.

1869,   a new edition of Gen. Henry Lee’s “Memoirs” published, with a biography of the author by General R. E. Lee.

1869,   about May 2, General Lee calls on President Grant at the White House in Washington City.

1869,   June, General Lee and family move into the new president’s house on the college campus.

1869,   about July 28, General Lee visits Ravensworth where his mother had died and was buried 40 years before.

1870,   July 20–25, General Lee at Ravensworth again.

1870,   Oct. 12, General Lee dies at Lexington.

1870,   Oct. 28, Gen. Custis Lee elected president of Washington College.

1870,   Nov. 7, the will of General Lee proved at Lexington and admitted to record—the will he had written in 1846.

1871,   “The Life of Robert E. Lee,” by John Esten Cooke, published in New York.

1871,   Miss Emily V. Mason’s Life of General Lee published.

1871,   The name of Washington College changed to Washington and Lee University.

1871,   Feb. 1, Gen. Custis Lee becomes president of Washington and Lee University.

1871,   Nov. 16, Capt. Robert E. Lee marries (1) Charlotte Taylor of Richmond.

1872,   Gen. Rooney Lee on the first board of visitors of V.P.I. at Blacksburg.

1872,   Jan. 19 (General Lee’s birthday), General Early makes an address at Lexington.

1873,   Gen. Custis Lee, president of Wash[i]ngton and Lee University, assumes the chair of applied mathematics—a position that had been made vacant.

1873,   Oct. 15, Eleanor Agnes Lee, daughter of General Lee, dies at Lexington.

1873,   Nov. 5, Mrs. R. E. Lee dies at Lexington.

1874,   “Personal Reminiscences, Anecdotes, and Letters of Robert E. Lee,” by J. Wm. Jones, published in New York by D. Appleton & Co.

1874,   Gen. Rooney Lee moves to Ravensworth, inherited from Mrs. William Henry Fitzhugh.

1875–1878,   Gen. Rooney Lee in the Virginia Senate.

1877,   “Four Years with General Lee,” by Walter H. Taylor, published.

1881,   June, the chair of applied mathematics in Washington and Lee University, which Gen. Custis Lee had assumed in 1873, is made the Thomas A. Scott professorship of applied mathematics.

1883,   June 28, the Lee Mausoleum inaugurated and Valentine’s recumbent figure of General Lee unveiled at Lexington; oration by John W. Daniel.

1886,   “Memoirs of Robert E. Lee,” by A. L. Long, published in Richmond and New York.

1887,   Gen. Custis Lee given honorary degree of LL.D. by Tulane University.

1887,   March 4, to March 3, 1891, Gen. Rooney Lee a member of Congress.

1890,   May 29, Lee monument in Richmond unveiled; address by Col. Archer Anderson.

1891,   August, Gen. Rooney Lee makes his will at Ravensworth.

1891,   Oct. 15, Gen. William Henry Fitzhugh (“Rooney”) Lee dies at Ravensworth.

1891,   November Court, the will of Gen. Rooney Lee proved at Fairfax County C.H. by the subscribing witnesses.

1894,   “Robert E. Lee,” by Gen. Fitzhugh Lee (nephew), published in the “Great Commander Series.”

1894,   March 8, Capt. Robert E. Lee marries (2) Juliet Carter in Washington City.

1895,   “lee of Virginia,” by Edmund Jennings Lee, published in Philadelphia.

1896,   December, Gen. Custis Lee, because of ill health, resigns the presidency of Washington and Lee University.

1897,   “Robert E. Lee,” by White, published in New York.

1897,   June 1, Capt. Robert E. Lee of King William County, Va., “now sojourning in the City of Washington,” makes his will.

1897,   July 1, Gen. Custis lee ends his official connection with Washington and Lee University; retires to Ravensworth.

1899,   “Robert E. Lee,” by Wm. P. Trent, published in Boston.

1904,   “Recollections and Letters of General Robert E. Lee,” by his son, Captain Robert E. Lee, published in New York City by the Garden City Publishing Co.

1905,   March 27, Mildred Chiles Lee, youngest daughter of Gen. R. E. Lee, dies in New Orleans.

1905,   March 31, Funeral in Lexington of Mildred Chiles Lee.

1906,   “Life and Letters of Robert Edward Lee,” by J. Wm. Jones, published in Washington by Neales.

1906,   “Life of Robert E. Lee,” by Henry E. Shepherd, published in New York by Neales.

1907,   “Robert E. Lee,” by Philip A. Bruce, published in Philadelphia in “American Crisis Biographies.”

1907,   Jan. 19, the centenary of Lee’s birth celebrated in Cabell Hall at the University of Virginia.

1908,   the State of Virginia places the statues of General Washington and General Lee in Statuary Hall in the Capitol in Washington City.

1912,   “Stratford Hall and the Lees,” by Fred W. Alexander, published at Oak Grove, Va.

1912,   Feb. 1, Gen. Custis Lee makes his will at Ravens-worth; witnesses, Samuel Ayres, F. S. McCandlish, John P. Johnston.

1913,   Feb. 18, Gen. Custis Lee dies at Ravensworth; the body taken to Lexington the next day.

1913,   Feb. 26, the will of Gen. Custis Lee probated at Fairfax C.H.; F. W. Richardson clerk of the circuit court.

1915,   “Robert E. Lee,” by Bradley Gilman, published in New York by Macmillans.

1916,   Jan. 31, the will of Capt. Robert E. Lee probated in Fairfax County, Va.

1918,   Nov. 22, Mary Custis Lee, eldest daughter of Gen. R. E. Lee, dies.

1918,   “The Soul of Lee,” by Randolph H. McKim, published in New York by Longmans.

1922,   Sept. 7, death of Robert E. Lee, son of Gen. Rooney Lee.

1922,   Oct. 11, the remains of Anne Carter Lee, mother of Gen. R. E. Lee, placed in the mausoleum at Lexington.

1924,   May 5, death of Mary Tabb Lee, widow of Gen. Rooney Lee.

1924,   Second edition of “Recollections and Letters of General Robert E. Lee,” by his son, Captain Robert E. Lee, published in New York by the Garden City Publishing Co.

1924,   the old house at Ravensworth burns.

1924,   the equestrian statue of General Lee in Venable Park, Charlottesville, unveiled.

1926,   the Robert E. Lee Hotel in Lexington built on the site of the old Lexington Hotel in which General Lee lodged when he first went to Lexington in the fall of 1865.

1927   (about), “Lee the American,” by Gamaliel Bradford, published in Boston by Houghton Mifflin Co.

1932,   April 30, a memorial tree to the Lees of Ravensworth planted at Burke, Va.

1934–35,   “R. E. Lee, A Biography,” in 4 vols., by Douglas S. Freeman, published in New York by Scribners.

1935,   Oct. 4, photographs made at Ravensworth for “Historic Homes” and this book.

1936,   “Lexington in Old Virginia,” by Henry Boley, published in Richmond by Garrett & Massie.

1936,   June 2, Derwent in Powhatan County, Va., home of the Lees in the summer of 1865, photographed for “Historic Homes” and this book.

1939,   “Mrs. Robert E. Lee,” by Rose M. E. Mac-Donald, published in Boston by Ginn & Company.

1948,   July 15, death in New York City of Dr. George Bolling Lee, aged 76; the younger son of Gen. Rooney Lee.

1951,   Oct. 12, Memorial Service at Stratford and dedication of new Council House.

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