Green Spring Plantation
Louis R. Caywood


* Mr. Caywood is superintendent of Ocmulgee National Monument, Macon, Georgia. His archeological excavations have included, in addition to Green Spring, a number of Hudson’s Bay Company sites in the Pacific Northwest, the most important of which was that at Fort Vancouver National Monument, Washington.

1 Jane Carson, “Green Spring Plantation in the 17th Century, House Report” (Williamsburg, 1954), p. 11.

2 Jesse Dimmick, “Green Spring,” William and Mary Quarterly, 2nd ser., IX (1929), facing 128.

3 Carson, “Green Spring” Plantation in the 17th Century, Appendix A.

4 Samuel A’Court Ashe, History of North Carolina (Greensboro, 1908–1925), I, 50.

5 Thomas Tileston Waterman and John A. Barrows, Domestic Colonial Architecture of Tidewater Virginia (New York, 1932), p. 13.

6 Archibald B. Shepperson, John Paradise and Lucy Ludwell of London and Williamsburg (Richmond, 1942), p. 136.

7 Map of Battle of Green Spring 1781, drawn by Colonel Desandrouins, in Charles E. Hatch, Jr., “The ‘Affair near James Island’ (or ‘The Battle of Green Spring’) July 6, 1781,” Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, LIII (1945), facing p. 172.

8 Dimmick, “Green Spring,” map, WMQ, 2nd ser., IX, facing p. 128.

9 Louis R. Caywood, “Green Spring Plantation Archeological Report” (Yorktown, 1955), Map No. 3.

10 Edward D. Neill, Virginia Carolorum (Albany, 1886), pp. 204, 379.

11 James Gibbs, A Book of Architecture (London, 1728), plate 56.

12 Letter from Lady Frances Berkeley, Green Spring, to Sir Abstrupus Danby, June 27, 1678; in the Cunliffe-Lister Muniments, Bundle 69, Section 11, at Bradford, Yorkshire, England. Microfilm copy in Virginia Historical Society.

13 Waterman and Barrows, Domestic Colonial Architecture of Tidewater Virginia, p. 10.

14 Ground-floor or basement plan of Greenspring, James City County, Virginia, undated, Ludwell-Lee Papers at the Virginia Historical Society.