Robert E. Lee, George Peabody, and Sectional Reunion
Franklin Parker


1 Oliver Wendell Holmes to John Lothrop Motley, July 18, 1869, in John Torrey Morse, Life and Letters of Oliver Wendell Holmes (Boston: Houghton, Mifflin, 1897), II, pp. 180–181.

2 John Pierpont Morgan began his financial career as the New York agent of George Peabody & Co., London, soon after his father, Junius Spencer Morgan, became Peabody’s partner in 1854. George Peabody & Co. was the root of the House of Morgan.

3 Now the Peabody Institute of Peabody, Massachusetts.

4 New York Times, July 31, 1869.

5 Ibid.

6 Ibid.

7 Douglas Southall Freeman, R. E. Lee, A Biography (New York: Charles Scribner’s
Sons, 1935), IV, p. 434.

8 Ibid., p. 435.

9 Robert E. Lee, Recollections and Letters of General Robert E. Lee (New York, Doubleday, Page and Co., 1924), p. 367.

10 Perceval Reniers, The Springs of Virginia (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1941), pp. 218–219.

11 E. Merton Coulter, The South During Reconstruction, 1865–1877 (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1947), p. 308.

12 Freeman, op. cit., p. 325.

13 Ibid., p. 438; Virginia House of Delegates Journal, 1869–70 p. 112; Virginia Senate Journal, 1869–70, pp. 453–454; New York Times, August 29, 1869.

14 Richmond Daily Whig, August 17, 1869; New York Herald, August 29, 1869.

15 Undated Letter from Barnas Sears, quoted in J. L. M. Curry, A Brief Sketch of George Peabody (Cambridge, Mass.: University Press, 1898) p. 53.

16 Richmond Daily Whig, August 20, 1869, states that the photograph was taken by Anderson and Johnson of Anderson’s Richmond photographic establishment. The photographs appear in Francis Trevelyan Miller (ed.), The Photographic History of the Civil War (New York: Review of Reviews Co., 1911), X, p. 4; Alfred Lawrence Kocher and Howard Dearstyne, Shadows in Silver, A Record of Virginia, 1850–1900 in Photographs Taken by George and Huestis Cook with Additions from the Cook Collection (New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1954.) p. 189, 190; Roy Meredith, The Face of R. E. Lee (New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1947), pp. 84–85; and Freeman, op. cit., 1947 edition, IV, p. 438. Report of a speech of General Magruder describes the circumstances surrounding the main photograph, in the New York World, September 14, 1869.

17 John Eaton, First Report of the Superintendent of Public Instruction of the State of Tennessee, Ending Thursday, October 7, 1869 (Nashville, Tennessee: George Edgar Grisham, 1869), Appendix T.

18 Abraham Flexner, Funds and Foundations (New York: Harper and Brothers, 1952), p. 23.

19 New York Independent, August 19, 1869.

20 Philadelphia North American and U.S. Gazette, August 31, 1869.