Robert E. Lee and His Children
Virginia Louise Lee

[Chapter 3]

1. Francis B. Heitman, ed., Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army, 1789–1903 (hereinafter referred to as Hist. Register) (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1903), p. 625, shows the official date of his registration as 1 July 1825.

2. Centennial of the United States Military Academy (hereinafter referred to as Centennial) 2 Vols., (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1904), Vol. I gives the official history.

3. West Point Sesquicentennial (Buffalo, New York: Baker, Jones, Hausauer, 1952) presents a brief but good summation of the academy’s history, beautifully illustrated, with a section devoted to “The Golden Age,” the age of Thayer.

4. For complete coverage of the four years at West Point see Freeman, R. E. Lee, Vol. I, pp. 48–84; Walter Creigh Preston, Lee, West Point and Lexington (hereinafter referred to as Lee, West Point) (Yellow Springs, Ohio: Antioch Press, 1934), pp. 1–30; and for an evaluation of his education in the light of his subsequent career, Swift, loc. cit.; plus of course the official Centennial which contains complete information on the curriculum during Lee’s cadetship, teaching staff, uniform, etc. Cf. Army Register for the appropriate years, listing the current professors, they also list Lee’s academic standing for each year. Edward C. Boynton, History of West Point (New York: D. Van Nostrand & Co., 1864) is a good earlier history, with Chapter XII devoted to Thayer and his influence.

5. Freeman, R. E. Lee, Vol. I, pp. 72–73, for a list of the books.

6. Ibid., p. 74; Preston, Lee, West Point, p. 11. In more recent years, as the corps has expanded, the position of regimental brigade commander, carrying the title of First Captain, has become the highest honor a cadet can achieve. He is chosen on the basis of military ability, not scholarship. The position of adjutant, with the title of Cadet Captain, is now the second highest honor. Kendall Banning, West Point Today, ed. A. C. N. Azoy, rev. ed. (New York: Coward-McCann, 1957), pp. 48–49.

7. F. Lee, General Lee, p. 9.

8. Long, Memoirs, p. 71.

9. Ibid., p. 35.

10. George W. Cullum, Biographical Register of the Officers and Graduates of hte United States Military Academy (hereinafter referred to as Biog. Register) (New York: D. Van Nostrand, 1868) Vol. I, 1802–1840, p. 338.

11. Long, Memoirs, p. 26.

12. His mother was buried at Ravensworth, but later removed and reinterred in the Lee Chapel, Lexington, Virginia, withher husband and son, Freeman, R. E. Lee, Vol. I, p. 87.

13. Alexandria Gazette, 19 October 1824.

14. On the occasion of Mrs. Custis’s death and burial at Arlington, in April, 1853, G. W. C. Lee, “Boo,” was to write to his brother W. H. F. Lee, “Rooney”: “I think and hope that her remains may add to the many and deep attractions which the old place has for us, there where most of us were born, let all of us rest in preace when the trumpet calls us to the last judgment.” Both sons of R. E. Lee were in New York City at the time and could not attend the funeral. Lee MSS, Virginia Historical Society, G. W. C. Lee to W. H. F. Lee, 1 May 1853.

15. R. E. Lee, Recollections, pp. 443–448, definitely establishes this as Lee’s first post, although many authorities variously assign him elsewhere; see also original of invoices sent to the Commissioner General of Subsistence, Washington, D.C., by R. E. Lee, dtd 2 May 1830, from Cockspur Island, Georgia, in Lee MSS, Library of Congress; Mason, Popular Life, p. 27.

16. Freeman, R. E. Lee, Vol. I, p. 101.

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